Peace and security
Individual governments no longer have full control over all challenges to peace and security.
International cooperation is a necessity. Therefore, Belgian foreign policy in the field of peace and security is firmly embedded in a multinational context, through the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the European Union (EU).
The United Nations play a decisive role in the promotion of peace and security and in the establishment of an international legal order. Strengthening this role of the UN has been and will continue to be one of the main objectives of Belgian foreign policy.
The most widely known contribution of the UN to safeguard peace and security is probably the deployment of peacekeeping operations and political missions. Equally important are conflict prevention and post-conflict peacebuilding and institution building, including through the UN Peacebuilding Commission, of which Belgium is a member.
Conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding are essential elements of Belgian foreign policy, but by no means the only ones. The promotion of peace and security require multifaceted and multidimensional measures in different fields, such as counter-terrorism, the fate of children in armed conflict and non-proliferation and disarmament. In the latter field, Belgium has played a particularly visible role in the negotiations leading to the so-called Ottawa Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines. Belgium will continue to pay close attention to these weapons, as well as to the more general issue of small arms and light weapons and unexploded war remnants, such as cluster bombs.